The Britannia Romanus Series
of you, who are Amazon Prime members, you can download on Kindle most of the historical novels from the Britannia Romanus
series for FREE! If you have not read any of my stories, why not take advantage of this offer and download at least one copy
and see if it is for you? In this case, you have nothing to lose and everything to gain in reading a wonderful novel about
ancient Britain or Imperial Rome in the First Century A.D. Even if you are a non-member, the price is still lower than purchasing
a traditional paperback book.
Available on Amazon.com: From the Britannia
Sign of the Eagle: $2.99 for non-members.
Wolf of Britanni-Part I: $2.99 for non-members.
Wolf of Britanni-Part II $2.99 for non-members.
The Broken Lance: $2.99 for non-members.
$4.99 for non-members.
COVID19 is still with us!
Although parts of the USA have opened up partially or even all the way
(despite warnings by the CDC), it is still wise to play it safe. Please continue to wear your mask in public places and keep
a safe distance from others. The pandemic isn't over yet! The states of Florida and Texas have seen a significant upsurge
in cases since all but opening up so many public places. The recent BLM demonstrations across the country, which have brought
many thousands of people, have added to the increase. So please stay safe!
B&N Spokane Valley
Because of the pandemic, The rest of my scheduled book signing events from March 20th – June 27th,
a total of twelve, have been cancelled. I expected that to happen. Safety for everyone is paramount.
Although a few book stores, e.g., Barnes and Noble
Booksellers, have re-opened in some regions of the country, they have done so on a limited basis. The stores have been limited
to twenty-five percent of their capacity. Barnes and Noble cafes are not allowing customers to dine in their facilities, take-out
only. Customers who only browse books without making a purchase are asked to place the handled book in an open bin for books.
They will be sanitized before being placed back on the bookshelves.
It is doubtful there will be any book signing events before 2020. I have personally
contacted or emailed several Barnes and Noble store managers that I have had dealings with in the past, to let them know I
am still interested in conducting signings in the future. I have been assured that they will allow me to return.
The Emperor's Hand – A Work Still in Progress Interrupted by Another
Work in Progress
Roman Britain Romanisation Map
Painter in the Corner of
Installing New Flooring in the House
During the last two months, the writing of the novel has been prolonged. The interior
of our house has been in the process of being remodeled. Between the presence of the interior decorator, painters, carpet
men, floor men, plumbers, etc., it's been organized bedlam, impossible to concentrate. The pandemic has made it worse because
the Barnes & Noble Café has been closed; otherwise, I would spend my days writing there. It will be a few more
weeks before the remodeling is completed, but we must wait until July before the kitchen cabinets are replaced. More distraction.
Then I can return to writing.
Guest Author Interviews
Starting in July, I will resume the interviewing of guest authors
for my blog. All of them are members of the Historical Fiction Book Club. These books are from different eras, but
this also includes sub-genres, e.g., historical mystery, fantasy, and romance.
The Building of Aqueducts in Ancient Rome
Construction of Roman Aquaduct picture I
Construction of Roman Aquaduct picture II
Completed Roman Aquaduct
article was written by a fellow Roman historian and good friend, Antonio Pisenelli. He and his family have lived in the city
of Rome for dozens of generations, going back to the Middle Ages and earlier, a true Roman.
“ 'You will want to carefully consider the amount of water for public use in spas, swimming pools, fountains,
houses, gardens. The distance from which the water comes, the conduits built, mountains that have been drilled, the valleys
that have been overcome, will have to recognize that nothing in the world has ever existed more 'wonderful.'”
So the famous writer, naturalist, naturalist philosopher, military commander, and Roman provincial
governor PLINIVS MAIOR (Pliny the Elder), speaking of engineering work as evolved and spectacular as the Roman aqueducts,
which continues to this day, even if in a residual way, continues to be functional.
Thanks to their construction, Rome was the first ancient city in
the world to have drinking water, moreover, in large quantities. The history of ancient Rome tells us about the construction
of 11 different aqueducts, which, starting from 313 BC, allowed the Romans to have around a thousand liters of water for each
inhabitant. To better understand the extent of this data, it is possible to compare it with the same that was recorded in
Rome in the late sixties, or 475 liters.
The first aqueduct built in
Rome was the one wanted by APPIVS CLAVDIVS CÆCVS (Appius Claudius Caecus) in 312 BC, which is why it was called AQVA
APPIA (Aqua Appia), in fact). The path of this aqueduct was almost exclusively underground and was built in blocks of tuff.
aqueduct that of ANIO VETVS (Old Aniene) was built in 272 BC and owes its name to the source of origin, that of the Aniene
Valley. This aqueduct is visible near Termini Station and in those of PORTA PRENESTINA (Larger Gate) in Italian Porta Maggiore.
The aqueduct of the AQVA MARCIA
(Acqua Marcia) dates back to 144 BC, and it is the first aqueduct to provide for the use of arches for better water distribution.
In 125 BC, the AQVA TEPVLA
(aqua tepula) aqueduct was built, which owes its name to the fact that it has water with a temperature that remained fixed
between 16 and 17 degrees, even during the winter season.
The AQVA IVLIA (Julia aqueduct), on the other hand, dates back to 33 B.C. and comes from the
Castelli Romani (in the Grottaferrata area) and had the particularity of providing slightly sparkling water.
One of the best known Roman aqueducts,
also because it is still in operation, is that of the Virgin Water. This aqueduct flows wholly underground and has undergone
numerous restorations over the centuries. From the main stretch of this aqueduct, the necessary branches were built for the
water supply of the Barcaccia in Piazza di Spagna and the Fontana dei Fiumi located in Piazza Navona.
The so-called AQVA ALSIETINA (Alsietino aqueduct)
was built in 2 AD. and was constructed under the emperor AGVSTVS (Augustus) to supply the Trastevere area with water for the
carrying out of the naumachies, or the famous naval battles.
In 52 AD, the AQVA CLAUDIA (Claudian aqueduct) was built by the homonymous emperor. It is
probably the most monumental of the Roman aqueducts, and it is possible to see some of its features in the San Giovanni area.
Also, in 52 A.D., the emperor
CLAVDIVS (Claudius) ended the ANIO NOVVS aqueduct (New Aniene), started by the emperor CALIGVLA (Caligula) fourteen years
earlier. This is the most impressive aqueduct capable of transporting 200,000 cubic meters of water every day with the particularity
of being able to supply even the highest areas of Rome. AQVA TRAIANA (the Trajan aqueduct) was built by the same emperor in
109 AD to bring drinking water to the Trastevere area.
Finally, the last aqueduct AQVA ALEXANDRINA (aqua Alexandrina), was built in 226 AD. By the
emperor SEPTIMIVS SEVERVS (Septimius Severus), which was used to supply water to the Alexandrian baths.
is all for now. Until next time, Salve Atque Vale! Hail and Farewell!